Akhiezer Aleksander

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  • № 4, 2004

    • Migration in Russian history.

      Stressing the critical role of migration in the creation and further growth of the Russian state, the author points out its two main flows. Firstly, migration is presented as colonization of new territories which reflected, among other, the dominance of the extensive production standards. Secondly, migration provided the possibility for avoiding an everyday government pressure, the embodiment of the pre-state ideal of the will. The article puts special emphasis on the qualitative turning point in migration in late 1970s, when centrifugal tendencies (aspiration to spread in all possible directions) gave sudden rise to centripetal, reverse tendencies. According to A.Akhiezer, this demonstrated a breakup with a millennial historical tradition, and it is quite important to comprehend this in the context of prospects of Russia’s development.

      DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2004-35-4-69-76

      Pages: 69-76

  • № 3, 2003

    • Philosophy of the catastrophic world (by the publication of the two-volume edition by V.S. Bibler)

      According to the critic, all V. Bibler’s philosophy, understanding of which is only beginning, is full of the humanistic concern about the destiny of the world. Bibler’s main idea lies in the necessity and reality of the appearance of the modern type of Reason different from the reasons, which dominated in the past (antiquity, middle ages and modern times). People will be able to survive, maintain and develop viability in the more complicated and dangerous world only if they are able to increase their capacities to formulate and resolve still more complicated problems. Bibler saw the threat to this process not so much in the real and potential natural and technogenic calamities but in the calamities of the mind.

      DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2003-30-3-190-201

      Pages: 190-201

  • № 4, 2001

    • Searching the Universal Dignity in the World and in Russia (E.B.Rashkovskiy, On the time axis. Essays on the philosophy of history)

      The author reflects over the book by E.B.Rashkovskiy on the philosophy of history. The attention is focused on one of Rashkovskiy’s theses. He believes that history can be the subject of certain spiritual measurement, which should be probably identified as the essence of history. The essay analyzes the methodology of Rashkovskiy’s research, his comparison between the culture and the civilization, the structure and the content of culture. In this respect, special attention is paid to Russian civilization, which in its essence is not so much local but rather inter-civilizational.