№ 2, 2014
After the collapse of the Soviet Union Kazakhstan faced two options for further sovereign development: “European” and “traditional”. The strategic government plans were built on the European socio-economic basis, whereas the titular population, which is for the most part rural, inclined to the traditional version. As a result, the compromise was taken as a basis – modernization relied upon the national specificity. Carefully analyzing the results of such choice, A.Alekseenko shows that its most important consequence was not simply mass urbanization of autochtons, but also a transfer of traditional views of yesterday's rural residents to the urban environment. Democratic “European” forms were gradually filled with the archaic content. At the same time, the urban space markedly deformed traditional values of the Kazakhs. According to the author’s assessment, the intensive exploration of the urban space can lead to the loss of the foundations of the national culture, which immediately brings the issue of a possibility of coexistence of different civilization priorities in the socio-political space of the modern Kazakhstan to the forefront.
№ 2, 2012
The article is devoted to the analysis of the latest tendencies in forming urban space in Kazakhstan. On the basis of the analysis of the key candidates for this space A.Alekseenko draws the conclusion that today the leading role in this process belongs to the rural descendants that historically lack in the relevant experience and partly ethnic returnees. At the same time the research carried out by the author demonstrates that the Europeanized urban space of the republic is autonomous and self-sufficient enough to make move-ins follow its rules of the game, and despite the numerous programs on resurrection of the Kazakh language it increasingly slides into the sphere of everyday communications.
Main Page ~ Authors ~ Alekseenko Alexander