№ 2, 2003
According to V.Gelbras, such factors as the continuous existence of statehood, common rituals, norms and standards of life promoted by the state, written tradition, and Confucian ideology have always had a deciding impact on the formation of Chinese socialization. After the creation of the first unified state the great-power aspirations, based on the conviction that China presents the center of the Universe, the center of history, the center of peoples, became the country’s main ideological postulate. After the year 1949 social and political guiding lines moved the national idea to the background. However, the 16th Congress of the Chinese communist party made an important step towards a smooth substitution of a national idea for a social one. The national idea was given a new meaning, new direction and a new form of realization, embodied in a global strategy of external economic advance.
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