№ 4, 2018
The politico-territorial organization of Spain (state of autonomies) that was formed at the transition stage from Francoism to representative democracy for a long time seemed rather viable. At the same time it is obvious that the state is incapable of fully integrating the Basque Country and Catalonia — the most developed and wealthy regions with distinct cultural-linguistic specificity. The Spanish authorities managed to triumph over the Basque separatist terrorist organization ETA that announced its disbandment. However, separatism in this autonomy continues to develop in peaceful forms. The powerful separatist movement in Catalonia that entered the scene at the times of global crisis challenged the principles of the Spanish territorial organization and exposed a number of problems requiring urgent solution.
In this context, it becomes increasingly important to implement a set of financial-economic and political-legal reforms aimed at transforming the state of autonomies in order to strengthen it. First and foremost, it is necessary to modernize the Constitution of Spain that was adopted in 1978 during the democratic transition — its several provisions have outdated since then. However, there is a lack of a broad inter-party consensus necessary for reforming the legislation. The approaches to solving multifaceted political-territorial problem often only further fragment the leading parties of Spain.
Main Page ~ Authors ~ Khenkin Sergei