¹ 2, 2003
Bolshevism: socio-cultural perspective. (A.S.Akhiezer, A.P.Davydov, M.A.Shurovsky, I.G.Yakovenko, E.N.Yarkova. Socio-cultural foundations and the meaning of bolshevism. Sibirsky Khronograph, Novosibirsk, 2002, 607 p.)
According to Lapitsky, the authors’ specific methodology of studying socio-cultural processes allowed for the analysis of Russian culture through the inherent significant dual oppositions with moral extremes, corresponding forms of tensions, possibility of conflicts. Thus, the composite authors under A.S.Akhiezer managed to extort the history of bolshevism from the sphere of ideologized mythological conceptions.
¹ 3, 2001
The bibliography research is devoted to Hannah Arendt, and the main attention is paid to her book «Vita activa». In this book, Hannah Arendt analyzes the fundamental problems of modem political science and philosophy - the influence of the progress of science and technology on human existence, the clash between morals and politics, action and contemplation, politics and philosophy. H.Arendt’s views are regarded in the context of her entire creative activity starting with her work «Roots of Totalitarism». Her agreements and disagreements with Max Weberi’s and Karl Marx’s ideas, her interpretation of the influence of Christianity on the attitude to active life and to labor are commented on in the article.
¹ 2, 2000
The centerpiece of the article is the analysis of views held by Fyodor Stepun (1884-1965), an original Russian thinker, regarding the reasons of the October Revolution, «the unique nature of Russian revolution», the idiosyncrasy of the work ethic in Russia. Stepun argued in many of his works that the revolution succeeded because Russia lacked a party of «businessmen», genuinely «business-like extinguishers of the revolutionary flame», a «spirit of creativity and law-abiding efficiency».
¹ 3, 1998
Given all the differences in traditional religious systems, none of them denies the economic activity of the human beings, because there are no religions that lack common sense, religions, where everyday life practical elements are missing. However, there are religions where this element is more vivid and clear cut. In different ways, directly or indirectly, vividly or discretely, sometimes in a peculiar way do religions influence the economic life and the spiritual forces engaged in the economic activity. At the same time the specific needs of the business life often influence the religion by amending the interpretation of the Sacred Commandments.
¹ 1, 1998
The author reviews the book of an Austro-British researcher and intellectual, the Nobel Prize winner Elias Canetti «The mass and the power». The method Canetti uses in the political studies can be qualified as some sort of biological (or anthropological) political science. Canetti leaves aside the temporary, dimensional and geographic framework and considers the modern epoch only as a link in the chain of human history; thus he singles out the mechanism of interaction of the masses and the power that has existed for centuries. In the author’s view human nature is the main threat for the future of the humanity.
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