№ 2, 2009
The article presents a comprehensive analysis of processes that have lead in Italy to the victory of right forces headed by S.Berluskoni, which testifies universal nature of threats caused by deep shifts in the structure of mass consciousness’ values. According to the author’s estimates, what happened in Italy clearly demonstrates that parties’ electoral programmes can be very close – almost indistinguishable, and the outcome of electoral competition is highly dependant on the structure of values through which these or those slogans and promises are being “filtered”. Interpreting berluskonism as primarily the aggregate of means and methods of directed psychological impact on masses, change of signs on the scale of national identity, I.Levin at the same time strongly proves that the success of these means and methods can be explained by a changing nature of mass fears and moral and ethical inversion, which is characteristic not only of the Italian society.
№ 1, 2000
The difficulties associated with the formation of the party system in Russia are interconnected with the universal tendencies of degeneration of the traditional political party institute. The main actors on the political stage are the pre-modern party of so-called «Lenin's type» and the supermodem «party of the power» (more virtual, than Berlusconi’s party in Italy). The artificial creation of such opposition holds a threat to the democratic development of Russia.
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