№ 2, 2003
On the basis of a research conducted in 1995-2002, the authors revealed a steady discrepancy between mass conception of ‘real’ and ‘desirable’ foundations of state and society. The Russians realize the existence of a breach between the formal political norms and rules set by law, and the informal rules of political conduct, by which both politicians and ordinary citizens are guided. Besides, the gap between the declared aims and values and their political realization is evident. The insufficient legitimacy of political order results in an alienation of people from politics and power, and rejection of multiple forms of political participation, particularly, joining public organizations. According to the authors, Russian macro-order that does not provide for any real guarantees of civil rights and freedoms will be recognized as legal, but will remain fragmentary and illegitimate while there exists a basic contradiction between the society and the state.
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