№ 4, 2008
Based on the public opinion polls L.Nikovskaya traces significant redirection of the Russia’s quest for identity and role in the world and tries to bring to light the factors determining the “pulsating” nature of political preferences of Russian citizens. The author focuses special attention on bifurcation points in Russia’s reformist movement during the past fifteen years.
№ 2, 2005
The author makes an attempt to examine the problems of today’s transitory period in Russia through the prism of the conflict theory. L.Nikovskaya views a conflict as a certain type of social interaction initially built into the social and political processes. As the article notes, the conflict is a norm of social life relationships that accumulates social tensions, whose energy breeds social changes and shifts of different scale. The author stands for rejecting the idea of conflict suppression, since, if that be the case, its potential malignancy increases and explosion becomes inevitable. And, the other way, the idea of regulating social conflicts suggests creating conditions for controlling the conflict, defining its constructive capabilities, without denying the long-term existence of contradiction of interests and conflict groups.
According to the authors, the most distinguished feature of post-socialist transformation characteristic of Russia during the latest 15 years is the multi-layer and heterogeneous conglomeration of contradicting relations between different layers of population, sectors of economy, etc. In order to explain the peculiarities of democratic transition in Russia the authors worked out a special model combining both structural and subjective aspects of analysis. L.Nikovskaya and V.Yakimets called it a dynamic model of morphological analysis of social conflicts in a transforming society. The model renders possible the analysis of complex conflicts. In addition, the authors mark out and consider several types of development dynamics of complex conflicts.
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