№ 1, 2013
The article summarizes results of the empirical testing of the hypothesis that the level (distribution) of corruption in the public sphere might serve as an integral indicator of the continual quality of realization of polyarchal democracy political and state orders. Confirming the validity of the hypothesis on the whole, the study conducted by Yu.Nisnevich showed that 83 out of 194 sovereign states existing in the world can be classified today as polyarchal democracies.
№ 1, 2012
In the article the author justifies a new approach towards the empirical evaluation of the extent of democracy in the existing states of the world. Departing from the interpretation of modern polyarchal democracy as a form of organization of political and state orders that possesses a specific set of institutional mechanisms, Yu.Nisnevich hypothesizes that the integral indicator of continuous quality of realization of political and state orders of polyarchal democracy might be the level of the spread of corruption in public sphere. According to his hypothesis, only those states are rightfully qualified as democracies where two necessary conditions of democracy – free, fair and regularly held elections and change of public officials in accordance with electoral results – are realized, and the spread of corruption doesn’t exceed the minimally acceptable level.
№ 2, 2011
In this article the author analyzes transformations that an institution of state is undergoing during the postindustrial transition and their reasons. Yu.Nisnevich presents five phenomena of the 20th century that according to him predetermined the postindustrial transition itself as well as its implications for a state change. The end of history (F.Fukuyama) turned democracy into the main form of organizing political and state order and led to the maintenance of human rights and freedoms as a fundamental value. Revolt of the masses (J.Ortega y Gasset) pushed a start button for the root transformation of the social basis of state. The third wave (A.Toffler) stipulated revolutionary changes in the technological, informational, social and political spheres. An increase in the migration mobility created conditions for mutual penetration of cultures and civilizations and human participation in life of the whole planet. Globalization has given an impetus to the gradual decay of the “solid” nation-state.
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