№ 2, 2003
The author considers the national idea to have become the Balkans’ most viable ideology, the ideology that determined the development of Balkan peoples. The origin of national ideas goes back to the era of formation of the first nation-states. The article studies the features of national ideas of specific countries on the Balkan peninsula, as well as the relations between the national ideas and the state power. According to O.Petrunina, even when national ideas lost the status of official ideologies, they remained the dominant forces in the domestic and foreign policy, and never stopped to exert influence on the process of political decision-making. The author distinguishes two types of national ideas on the Balkans – the civilizational and geographical ones. The latter sooner or later acquired an expansionist shape, which automatically lead to a conflict with the neighbours’ national ideas and served a catalyst for armed conflicts.
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