№ 1, 2016
The article presents the results of a large-scale audit conducted in the wake of the quantitative apartment-based survey on tablets in the Samara and Voronezh regions. It is shown that under the existing circumstances route sampling becomes very problematic. In a situation of scarcity of different resources (money, time, personnel) the perfectly implemented samples are indicative of fabrications and distortion of the prescribed procedures rather than professional and high-quality work. In fact, pollsters implement quota-controlled samples that are incompatible with the systematic route selection, which doubts the adequacy of the employed methods of statistical analysis.
№ 4, 2014
The paper presents a formalized approach to the detection of systematic errors in mass surveys by constructing a single data matrix. Errors are defined as the difference between values of individual variables in the sample representing all respondents and a subsample, from which units of observation coded under different contextual conditions or possessing another set of related parameters are removed. The time the interview was conducted and its duration are considered as factors that hypothetically affect biases. The results obtained by the authors do not allow to speak with confidence about the reliability of the developed procedure, but presents great opportunities for operationalization of the general theory of errors.
№ 3, 2014
The article presents the results of an ethnographic post-observation of conducting standardized personal interviews on route sample. The authors reveal an enormous discrepancy between the reports provided by an interviewer and reviewed by the leading Russian survey company, and the realities of the post-survey situation. Almost none of the respondents were identified. Moreover, some apartments and houses were simply imputed out of nowhere. Any factual references to route sheets and questionnaires completed by an interviewer were absent. On the basis of replicating an interviewer’s route, D.Rogozin and N.Galieva hypothesize about the insolvency of survey technology based on the manipulation of the collected data that are not correlated with the realities of the conducted survey.
№ 2, 2014
The article is based on the results of a comprehensive sociological study of professional ethics of state and municipal employees conducted by the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration in 2012–2013. On the basis of 150 detailed biographical interviews the author analyzed perception of corruption by public officials, determined the main discursive elements of corruption topic and proposed an explanatory model of formation and development of corruption in the modern Russian society. Six discursive areas that constitute corruption discourse were determined: “no bad guy around”, “all the evil is outside”, “to solve problems”, “personification of a service”, “fight as an ordered procedure”. The article demonstrates that corruption can be interpreted not only in terms of economic gain at the expense of the third parties, but also in terms of reproduction of shadow relations parasitizing upon the legal social order.
№ 4, 2008
The article is based on applied research of a particular problem (attitude of the citizens of Kazan to the reconstruction of the city’s heating system), which revealed a number of interesting patterns characterizing general state of modern Russian society. The analysis of the research data has demonstrated that Russian citizens are totally alienated from the everyday issues, and are inclined to shift the responsibility on others – either in the form of complaints and petitions or by means of “commodity-money relations”. The fact that the Russians don’t perceive themselves as direct participants even to their daily pursuits and don’t socialize through these channels is interpreted by D.Rogozin as a substitution of social order by a non-communicative one, and as rational (at the level of everyday rationality) wind-down of social interactions leading to the degradation of sociality itself.
№ 2, 2007
The article covers an attempt to reveal the borderline areas of an expert interview where the basics of expertability, i.e. the knowledge of the subject are falsified. On the basis of the conversation analysis of the expert poll conducted by the Public Opinion Foundation on regional elections in February 2005 the authors identify seven falsifications of expertability: (1) busyness and/or lack of time, (2) lack of the knowledge of the rules of the game, (3) the obscurity of the interviewer’s status, (4) the one-sided standardization of a dialogue, (5) the inadequate correction of a no-response, (6) the nonmotivated filling of pauses, (7) the irrelevancy of specifications, resulting in false responses, behind the expert cover of which there is doubt, uncertainty and very often just a denial of further reasoning on the proposed topic. In the article it is very well shown that expertability proliferation results in profane knowledge masked as personal opinions and assessments. The authors conclude that under the lack of mechanisms confirming the expertability of a response it is impossible to assess the quality of the data being gathered. Hence, the consumers of the information created by kind of an expert discourse may be easily caught into the trap of profane assessments not even taking a notice of the catch.
Main Page ~ Authors ~ Rogozin Dmitry