№ 4, 2003
On local communities and local self-government.
The authors distinguish and analyze two aspects of local self-government – they consider this phenomenon in terms of local self-government organization as public authority and in terms of self-organization of population on a local territory. A full-fledged local self-government is performed where, on the one hand, there is an advanced democracy of municipal authority, and on the other hand, there is a developed local community. It is also stressed that self-government has to be initiated from the ‘bottom’, from the population. The reality of today’s Russia is that it practically does not have any developed local communities. Moreover, the authors believe that Russian legislation does not provide for efficient organization and functioning of local self-government as public authority in non-developed local communities.
Chronicle of local self-government, 1990-2003.
L.Shapiro starts the chronicle by analyzing the last years of the USSR, when perestroika gave rise to purposeful attempts to introduce certain elements of self-government first in labour collectives, and then - as an experiment - in regional economic agents. The main attention is focused on multiple steps taken in this sphere in the post-soviet period, that resulted in a new version of a law on local self-government of the late 2003.
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