№ 2, 2008
The article deals with the evolution of Western parties seen through the prism of their typological transformation. E.Spassky begins with the classifications by M.Weber, M.Duverger, S.Neumann and pays special attention to contemporary parties’ typologies and, in particular, to the concept of a cartel party. According to him, historical evolution of parties was determined in many respects by the presence of the dominant type of a party reflective of the key trends of party development at a given stage. The replacement of the dominant party type was usually caused by the changes of the environment around them, which compelled the parties to get adapted to the new conditions by modifying their internal structure and behavioral models.
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