¹ 3, 2009
The post-Socialist countries which became a relatively recent and the largest reinforcement of the European Union are the research objects of the article. Practically all of them have survived through the “transformational” crisis of 1990s followed with rapid economical upturn. Its sources (impressive capital inflow from the “old” Europe, the export extension into Euro zone etc.) crossed with the beginning of the world depression. N.Bukharin and I.Yazhborovskaya explore the situation specifics in each of the countries, reveal their common problems, and analyze the effectiveness of the national anti-crisis programs. Also the authors are interested in the spectrum of possible political consequences of the crisis.
¹ 1, 2009
On 12 November 2008 the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences held a round table discussion that analyzed the reasons and possible social and political consequences of the world economic crisis. Despite the fact that crisis processes only started gaining grounds when the discussion was held, all the participants agreed that this crisis in terms of its scale could be compared to the Great Depression of 1929–1933. At the same time, the statements underlined that, unlike the Great Depression that only affected capitalist countries with high and medium levels of development, this crisis has right away become worldwide not metaphorically, but literally. The discussion also drew attention to the crisis’s resistibility in relation to the regulating impulses that earlier allowed to deal with crisis phenomena. Participants at the round table concluded that, unless efficient anti-crisis tools are found, the crisis might create serious difficulties for the acting government or even for the whole social system, especially in the countries with poorly developed or transitional economies.
¹ 1, 2006
At the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences a project covering the analysis of modern political thought and consequently its liberal conservative and left components is being implemented under the leadership of Professor Galkin. This publication is based on the papers of the round table discussion held in spring 2006 and dedicated to the left idea, its obvious crisis and the search of getting out of it and the evaluation of its supporters’ attempts to respond to radically changing reality. Left wing processes related to the attempts to work out an adequate response to modern challenges are studied using Germany, UK, France, Austria, Ireland and Poland as examples.
¹ 2, 2005
The article shows that the Polish national idea has traditionally been a derivative from the country’s specific geopolitical position in Europe. After three partitions of Poland in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries, a gentry-intelligence, and then all-people’s cult of an armed liberation struggle became an organic component of national consciousness. Two decades after the reestablishment of the Polish state in 1918 Polish national idea did not have enough time to gain new comprehensive filling. The author studies the dynamics of the national idea evolution in the post-war period and dwells upon its substantive transformation due to the country’s accession to NATO and its integration in the European Union. According to I.Yazhborovskaya, all of this was happening on the basis of national consent and understanding that Poland was finally acquiring a stable basis for existence.
¹ 4, 2002
The article studies the peculiarity of relationship between the Polish Catholic Church and the state power for more than half a century, including the post-socialist period. The author considers the forms, pace and methods of secularization, its fluxes and refluxes. I.Yazhborovskaya provides the explanation of the reasons for a more successful survival of the Church in comparison to adjacent states. The attention is also focused on the processes of transformation in the Catholic Churchitself, its relations with the left, with «Solidarity», its participation in reorganizing the political system of the country.
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