№ 2, 1998
The article is based on the data of the National Sociological Polls, conducted in April 1997 in a representative respondent group all over the territory of Russia among the citizens above 18 years of age. The number of respondents approximately equalled to 1600. Alongside with traditional sociological and political questions, the respondents were also asked existential questions (for example, their attitude to Life and Death, to the Law, to the Freedom of will, to the Freedom of creative activity, to the Joy and the Grief). There were three prompt model-answers to each of the existential questions : a responsible moral answer, a cynical and egoistic and a responsible escapist ones. It turned out that every 2 out of 3 respondents preferred a moral responsible choice while 1 out of 4 used to give a cynical egoistic answer. A comparative analysis of the respondents’ answers to the social, economic, political and formally religious questions with the answers to existential questions shows the levels of consolidation of the modern Russian society. The results of the polls show that the population in its majority is oriented on moral and creative goals, gives preference to a market economy democratic society of a western type and is still characterised by a high degree of unanimity on the level of sub-conscious values and motivations that predetermine the vital, religious and political choice.
Main Page ~ Authors ~ Zoubov Andrei