¹ 3, 2017
The article studies the influence of economic factors on the electoral behavior of Russians during the federal parliamentary elections in 2003—2016. The conducted research proved the existence of the so-called “Putin contract”, but also revealed a number of patterns that partially contradict initial assumptions. According to their statistical model, in dynamics economic voting in Russia manifests itself as an exchange of population’s loyalty for medium-term economic growth and lower poverty levels. However, this is different from “voting with your wallet” and seeking immediate benefits, which, añcording to R.Turovsky and Yu. Gaivoronsky, partly explains the absence of the negative trend in the performance of the “United Russia” in 2016 elections: two years of crisis were not enough for the electorate to lose trust in current power that earned a certain level of credibility.
¹ 2, 2015
The article attempts to construct an operational model of regional political regimes based on the synthesis of a number of new approaches in comparative politics and political regionalism. On the basis of the multidimensional models of subnational regimes elaborated by R.Turovsky and S.Mazzuca, Yu.Gaivoronsky suggests that the transformation of regional polities should be measured along three vectors: “dependence”, “authoritarianism”, and “patrimonialism”. The multidimensionality of the model allows us to analyze regional regimes in greater detail. Moreover, in contrast to most of the existing indexes, the model makes use of verifiable data rather than expert evaluations. The empirical testing of the model on the data from the Russian regions reveals its validity and the possibility of its application for political studies.
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