№ 3, 2002
The author considers that historical and geopolitical difference between Moscow and Saint Petersburg lies in their functions. He believes that being the gatherer of the lands Moscow is the cradle of Russian federalism, while Petersburg weakened federalism during certain historical periods replacing it by imperial centralization of power and successfully implementing the function of a transport corridor between Russia and the West. Analyzing the current functions of the two Russian metropolitan areas V.Tretyakov assumes that it would be wrong to lay emphasis on Petersburg’s transport functions. In his opinion, efforts should be concentrated on the use of its huge intellectual potential.
The work is based on the comparative survey on the problems of mainly socio-political nature typical of the second half of the nineties. The survey was conducted among the residents of Moscow and Saint Petersburg. One thousand respondents a week were surveyed in both megapolices during the three year period. A single method was used. The material obtained gives particularly an idea about the Muscovites and Petersburgers’ attitude to power, the level of its efficiency and morals. The authors focus their attention on political parties, mass media, the first Chechen campaign, the union with Belorussia, the attitude to the collapse of the USSR, delays in salary payment and other. Another aim of the survey was to study the attitude of Muscovites and Petersburgers to the slogan “Petersburg is the cultural capital” and to understand their perception of the notion of culture. In a number of cases there was an opportunity to compare not only the opinions of Muscovites with those of Petersburgers but also the opinions of the two capitals’ residents on the one side and the residents of the Leningrad region on the other. The authors try to understand both the evident similarities in the positions of Muscovites and Saint-Petersburgers and some differences in their views.
The authors undertake a sociological analysis of the latest elections to the Legislative Assembly of Petersburg. The work is based on comparing the surveys of the voters on the eve of the election campaign, on the one hand, and the election returns in each of the 50 constituencies, on the other.
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