¹ 3, 2009
Analyzing the Vatican City documents and the works of Catholic authors, O.Velichko is focusing her attention on the parts, which are directly linked with current global depression. Catholic theoretical thought and scientific publicism discover three main components of world depression which Catholics consider both economic and moral. The source and energy of crisis is the world financial system imperfection. The second feature is the practical lack of social responsibility of enterprise. The third component is the disregard of basic moral principles which is impending dehumanization of the society. Supporters of Catholic social theory come to an agreement that uncontrolled and unlimited liberalism exhausted itself. Its fails as the Catholic Church imagines give a chance to its social doctrine and propagandized “social market economy”.
¹ 1, 2009
On 12 November 2008 the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences held a round table discussion that analyzed the reasons and possible social and political consequences of the world economic crisis. Despite the fact that crisis processes only started gaining grounds when the discussion was held, all the participants agreed that this crisis in terms of its scale could be compared to the Great Depression of 1929–1933. At the same time, the statements underlined that, unlike the Great Depression that only affected capitalist countries with high and medium levels of development, this crisis has right away become worldwide not metaphorically, but literally. The discussion also drew attention to the crisis’s resistibility in relation to the regulating impulses that earlier allowed to deal with crisis phenomena. Participants at the round table concluded that, unless efficient anti-crisis tools are found, the crisis might create serious difficulties for the acting government or even for the whole social system, especially in the countries with poorly developed or transitional economies.
¹ 1, 2006
At the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences a project covering the analysis of modern political thought and consequently its liberal conservative and left components is being implemented under the leadership of Professor Galkin. This publication is based on the papers of the round table discussion held in spring 2006 and dedicated to the left idea, its obvious crisis and the search of getting out of it and the evaluation of its supporters’ attempts to respond to radically changing reality. Left wing processes related to the attempts to work out an adequate response to modern challenges are studied using Germany, UK, France, Austria, Ireland and Poland as examples.
¹ 2, 2005
According to the author, the monograph under analysis is highly important in order to comprehend a complex of problems of both political integration in the framework of the European Union and the integration model used. It is emphasized that the book by I.S.Yazhborovskaya is the first study of the kind in our political studies literature. Olga Velichko believes that the research under review contains good proportion of materials reflecting European and Russian interests and considers the possible ways for further improvement of such cooperation.
¹ 2, 2002
The author researches the attitude of representatives of the Catholic Church to the problems caused by globalization. The social problems of national and global dimension attract the biggest attention. In this respect, it is considered necessary to render more efficient support to the Third World countries.
In general, within the Catholic Church, globalization is characterized as natural historical process, which, nevertheless, will have to be put into the correct channel.
The author admits the similarity of certain economic ideas and political recommendations of Catholic specialists with their non-Catholic colleagues’ conclusions. At the same time he points out to the specifics of purely Catholic interpretations of globalization. There he emphasizes the fundamental values and ethic principles, which, according to Catholic specialists, should be the only measure for the specific solutions of the problems.
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