Abstracts № 4, 2005

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Russian Polity

Irina Glebova

Russian Novecento: between the Troubles and the Order (part 1 - From the Revolution to Stalin's Order)

According to the author, in a certain sense, the Russian history including of the XX-th century may be viewed as a chain of fluctuations within the two poles - the Troubles and the Order. In one of the two articles I.Glebova analyses this rhythm of the native history covering the period between the revolution of 1917 and the establishment of "Stalin's order."

Turning to the twenties the author tends to regard the ideology of the new economic policy as an ideology of social compromise. Moreover, one of the most important conclusions of the article is the thesis that compromises and the reciprocal adaptation of the power and the society (and not their violence towards each other) are the characteristic features of Russian "transitions." In her article I. Glebova shows how rejecting Russian cultural historical heritage in general the new power makes attempts to find the link with the past and to formulate its version of the national idea.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-5-33

Pages: 5-33

Practical Sociology

Research group ZIRCON

Youth and the Power: in the Search of Mutual Support (the fragments of the analytical report on the results of the all Russian poll of the youth)

The main aim of the studies was the designation and analysis (in quantity and quality parameters) of the Russian youth groups defined as the current power supporters. This category was compared with other youth groups characterized as "opponents", "fellow travelers" etc. The all Russian poll of young people in the age group between 16 and 24 conducted on the representative all national sampling was the empiric base of the study. The researchers mostly addressed such aspects as attitude to the values translated to the environment by the power, the level of political activity and participation in political actions and organizations, the motivation of political activities for the power support or against it etc.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-34-47

Pages: 34-47

Elena Shestopal

Political Socialization and Resocialization in Modern Russia

The article is based on the materials of the study conducted in 2005-2006 in Moscow, Kemerovo, Chelyabinsk, Perm and Dagestan. E. Shestopal attempts to reveal the political views of the representatives of different age groups and to correlate these views with the models of their primary socialization. Besides, the author researches how different institutions and factors influence the acquisition of new political values.

In the article a special attention is paid to the adult population resocialization conditioned by the radical transformation of the country's political system, contradictions between the old and the new values. According to the author, each generation of Russian citizens had their own experience of primary and secondary political socialization and their experience of adaptation to the new political situation in the post-soviet period. This determines the differences in the perception of the most important landmarks of the soviet, late soviet and post soviet periods.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-48-69

Pages: 48-69

Recent History

Fedor Burlatskiy

The XX-th Century or Is the Specter Back?

The author of the article is a famous almost classical Russian political scientist who worked in this field long before the political science was officially recognized by the establishment. F. Burlatskiy was a direct witness of the events related to the XX-th CPSU congress, the reaction to it, the train of its consequences.

The author pays high tribute to what N.S.Khrushchev did. However, F. Burlatskiy draws attention to the limited nature of Khrushchev's criticism. Khrushchev still shared Stalin's general policy in collectivization, industrialization and the fight against opposition. According to F. Burlatskiy this was the criticism of the personality and not of the system. In the article a big attention is paid to the characteristics of N. S. Khrushchev and I.V. Stalin and the prospects of overcoming the traditions of Stalinism.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-70-93

Pages: 70-93

Nina Khrushcheva

Anniversary of the XX-th CPSU Congress in the USA

According to the author in the United State the attitude to N.S. Khrushchev is better then in Russia. This, in particular, had an affect on the attention to fiftieth anniversary of the XX-th CPSU congress. In the article conferences held in New York and Washington on this occasion are commented on. N. Khrushcheva also describes how American researchers use psychological hypothesis trying to explain certain political decisions of that time. Besides, the author raises a problem of how far it was possible to reveal Stalinism and communism at large in 1956.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-94-97

Pages: 94-97

Sergei Mikhailov

The XX-th CPSU Congress in Modern Interpretations

The author focuses his attention on the 50th anniversary of the famous XX-th congress of the CPSU and numerous seminars and round tables dedicated to this occasion. The course of their discussions reflects the whole range of to-day's views on this key event in the Russian history, the train of its consequences (internal political and international, social and social psychological, cultural etc.)

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-98-101

Pages: 98-101

Leonid Bliakher

Revolution Post Factum

The author reviews the project which finished at the beginning of 2006. The project covered the analysis of the concept of revolution used in modern political discourse. Within the project implementation different problems were addressed like why one political cataclysm is called a revolution and another, a similar one, not; what is the specific of the concept "revolution" in the Russian philosophic tradition and some others.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-102-106

Pages: 102-106


Mikhail Krasnov

State and the Sky (fragments from an unwritten book)

The article is the author's reflections on the links of Christian principles and the principles of public life. M. Krasnov considers Christianity to be the foundation of Euroatlantic civilization. He points to it direct opposite of the totalitarian ideology.

Stating the factual establishing of post- Christian civilization the author believes that the spread of secularism is a dangerous trend in development. In his opinion to separate the Christian morals from the state is detrimental. Thus, the principle of equality in its fundamental sense was violated when the materialistic weltanschauung shifted Christian weltanschauung into purely religious sphere.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-107-135

Pages: 107-135


Iouri Irkhin

Society and Policy in Postmodern Wonderland: Opinions, Attitudes, Analysis

The author associates the concept of "postmodern" which has been widely used since the late seventies with large scale quality changes in the society, the crisis of modern Western civilization. The object of Youri Irkhin's thorough investigation is postmodernism as one of the important postmodern weltanschauung tendency.

The author carries out the comparative analysis of modernism and postmodernism. In his opinion in the framework of postmodernist tendencies there are different approaches and fields of research. However, they all are characterized by some similarity of principles and research methods of the present. On the whole it is quite legitimate to talk about current postmodern methodology and appropriate concepts. The article covers the review of postmodern approaches in the political science and world politics and sociology.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-136-160

Pages: 136-160


Rostislav Turovsky

Conceptual Electoral Map of Post-soviet Russia

The results of the author's research which are published in this article became the development of the conceptual electoral map of post-soviet Russia. It is based on vertical and horizontal political geographic dimensions of the electoral process. In R. Turovskiy's opinion the hierarchy relations "center-periphery" in the political geographic space made it necessary to develop such a map.

In the view of the center-periphery split the author revealed and designated the "ideal types" of electoral cultures – the capital periphery, the quasi capital periphery, industrial semi-peripheries (which in their turn are divided into economically advantaged and disadvantaged), defense semi-peripheries, ethnic peripheries and Russian peripheries. According to the author each of the above mentioned electoral cultures is characterized by its specific electoral behavior and the sets of such behavior reasons.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-161-202

Pages: 161-202


Yury Korgunyuk

The Splendor and the Misery of Plebiscitarism . Russian Party System in Autumn 2005 - Winter 2006

In the traditional for magazine "Politeia" chronicle the main events in the life of Russian political parties in autumn 2005 - winter 2006 are presented. As usual this review is accompanied by the analysis of the disposition of Russian political forces in this period of time. The author comments on changes in all the segments of the Russian political field.

In the article Youry Kourgunyak responds to the federal power critics who contend that in Russia the totalitarian regime was established. In his opinion the current power is rather pblebiscitarian then authoritarian. He considers the plebiscites (elections) on the trust to the President personally and the ruling bureaucratic circle in general to be the source of its legitimization.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2005-39-4-203-230

Pages: 203-230