The author focuses his attention on the situation after September the 11-th. He tries to explain it with the help of the famous concept of the “conflict of civilizations.” A. Salmin is critical about such views, and gives his own vision of new processes and phenomena. He does not think that that the hasty turn to the idea of the conflict of civilizations is fruitful both in this and a number of other cases. In his opinion, the tension between cultures sometimes growing into open conflicts is the constant of the social order like many (for example, interethnic) contradictions and clashes.
FOREIGN POLICY PERSPECTIVES
The article covers the analysis of the widely used but little studied phenomenon of modern international policy, which is the “G-8”. The author takes an attempt to determine its role in the world arena, its functions (for example, in socio-economic and international political spheres) and its efficiency. V. Lukov also touches upon such problems as the relationships of the “G-8” and international organizations, the future of the “club” and the prospects of Russia’s participation in it.
The article focuses its attention on the new component of European integration processes, including the latest steps to create European armed forces. The author reviews these tendencies in the context of the possible use of these forces, and from the point of view of American and Russian interests.
The article covers the analysis of the correlation between regionalization and globalization tendencies in the CIS countries, and the influence of disintegration processes and integration projects. The author assesses the prospects of strengthening of the regional unions of the post-soviet states. L.Wardomsky reviews the specifics of the inclusion of new independent states into globalization process and their desire to join it individually. The work also thoroughly covers the topic “Russia - the CIS”. In this respect, the author draws attention to the role of big Russian companies, which, in his opinion, are the main actors of both globalization and regionalization of the post-soviet environment.
The author views the problems of Caspian oil and the ways of its transportation in the light of the regional and local interests of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The article is written on the materials of Krasnodar area, the Republic of Kalmikia and Astrakhan region. The author compares regional elite involved into political activity around the pipe, their attitude to the federal center and each other.
FEDERALISM AND LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT
The article is dedicated to the role of liberal values for federal relations in general and for modern Russia in particular. The author dwells on the liberal essence of the law, on the idea of spanning relatively self-sufficient and organized communities able to interrelate with each other by the law. According to A. Khovanskaya, in Russia, the instrumental legal approach dominates, which is associated with mechanical federation. Having analyzed federal laws the author comes to the conclusion that the problem of federalism has been reduced to the level of the protection of the vertical division under the minimization of horizontal links between structural units.
RELIGION AND POLICY
The article covers the analysis of the history and modern status of alternative Orthodox organizations in Russia. A. Makarkin investigates the strategy of the survival of such organizations under the unquestionable dominance of the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC.) According to the author the very existence of such organizations and the conversion of some ROC clergy and laymen into alternative Orthodoxy proves to the objective public demand promoting their development.
THE CHAIR OF POLITICAL STUDIES
This thorough article counted for two issues reviews the subject matter of political sociology and its place in the context of general sociology. The author outlines the field of research and breaks it down into main categories (power, legitimacy, charisma, and conflict.) In the tissue of his presentation A. Philippov gives an excursus to the history of political thought. Critically analyzing the common ideas of political sociology he reasons about the pros and the contras of understanding it as one of the branches of sociology.
The USSR disintegration and the emergence of new Russia in Wlodzimierz Marciniak interpretation. (Marciniak W. Rozgabione imperum. Upadek Zwiazku Sowieckiego i powstanie Federacji Rosyskiej. Krakow, 2001)
The author reasons upon the book by Wlodzimierz Marciniak, which investigates the causes of the disintegration of the Soviet Union. N. Bukharin consistently analyzes Marciniak’s interpretation of the phenomenon, genesis and structure of the “soviet empire”, his coverage of itelligentsia’s position at the end of the soviet era, shaping of “bureaucratic” market, the regionalization of the Soviet environment.
The review traditional for “Politeia” covers the chronicle of the main events in the life of political parties and movements in winter 2001-2002. As usual, such chronicle is accompanied by the analysis of the arrangement of Russian political forces. Youri Korgounyuk draws attention to the first outcomes of the new law on political parties, comments on the processes at the right and left political wings, gives the assessment of the completive stage of the formation of the united party of the power “Unity and Fatherland” (United Russia.)