Abstracts 2, 2001

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Russian Army in the Historical Perspective

Vitaly Shlykov

Russian Army and the World Experience: One Hundred Years of Solitude

The article moves and substantiates the thesis that the Russian army found itself in the outskirts of the development of the military organization. This situation is inherited from the Soviet army and even from the Russian prerevolutionary army. The author is against thoughtless copying of foreign experience. At the same time he believes that the main postulates of military professionalism are of universal nature, and do not depend on national borders. The article dwells upon such factors as the role of the non-commissioned officers’ corps, the principle of territorial recruiting, the adequate structure of the high military commandment.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-5-43

Pages: 5-43

USSR Desintegration and the Armed Forces: from the Soviet Model to the Russian One

Pavel Gazukin

Russian Armed Forces in the Post-Soviet Period. Problems of Reforming and Military Building: 1992-2001

The article covers an in-depth and step-wise analysis of the history of the military reform concepts development. The author tries to evaluate the real results of the efforts made, and reveals the reasons why the military reforms are stuck.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-44-71

Pages: 44-71

Dmitry Trenin

Decade of Unlearned Lessons. Civil-Military Relationship in the 90s Years and the Prospects for a New Phase of Military Reform

The abstract is not found.



DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-72-81

Pages: 72-81

Army and Economics

Vitaly Tsymbal

Economic Aspects of the Military Reform in Modern Russia

The author studies the economic aspects of the military reform and evaluates the development of this situation since the end of the 80-ies. He considers the period till the year 1999 the time of the decline of the Russian military industrial complex. In this respect he designates the main tasks facing the whole of the Russian Federation military organization, and tries to identify the ways, means and forces for their fulfillment.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-82-88

Pages: 82-88

Vladimir Pimenov

On the Trends in the Strategy of Defence-Industrial Complex Reforming

The article touches upon the concept of defense industry reforming, the basis of which should be the principles of the strategic approach. Besides, the complex of actions should be the instrument of the development, to serve as a prerequisite for the transition from the survival to the development. According to the author, the most important direction of the activity should be changes in industry including the consistent implementation of the strategy of the activization of positions and the strategy of technological break through. This, in its turn, will require restructuring of the defense industrial complex, launching of organizational economic mechanism of its development and its legal support.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-89-98

Pages: 89-98

Russian Armed Forces in Front of the Challenges of the XXI-st Century

Mahmut Gareev

Prospects of the Development of the World Geopolitical Situation and the Ways of Maintaining the Military Security of Russia

The author thinks that the turn of the XX-XXIst centuries is one of the most complicated and controversial periods of the world history characterized by quite vague prospects of the development of the geopolitical situation and the expectations of major changes in the whole system of the world order. In his opinion, under the current conditions, the Russian armed forces require operational and mobilization readiness to fulfil combat tasks in local wars and to take part in a large-scale regional war. In view of the today’s economic capacities of the state it is desirable not to oppose the types of weapons but to teach the army to combine them.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-99-108

Pages: 99-108

Vladimir Lutovinov, Igor Nekipeliy

Military Policy of the Russian Federation

The article covers the analysis of Russian military policy, its goals, the set of principles and ideas, and actions on the implementation of the doctrinal provisions. The authors bring into focus the safeguard of the national military security. The emphasized that the peaceful means of maintaining the national military security can be effective in case they are supported by the military force sufficient for the defense of the state and its vital interests.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-109-120

Pages: 109-120

Valery Manko

On the Way to the Cration of the New Army

According to the author, post-soviet Russia had to create the armed forces practically anew. The part of the army and the navy it inherited from the USSR was far from being the best. The structure and the composition of the armed forces did not meet modem requirements. That is why the development of the military reform started in the 90-ies. The article sums up the work done, analyzes the problems and reviews the organizational structure and the composition of the armed forces, its management, the equipment of the army and the navy, the recruitment system.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-121-131

Pages: 121-131

Vladimir Ostankov

On the Improvement of Military Organization Planning in the Russian Federation

The author considers that under the financial economic crisis of the 90-ies the military security was maintained by short-term actions. However, the rational strategy of safeguarding the military security should be based on long-term plans taking into account the nature of external and internal military threats and the real economic capacities of the state» In this respect, it necessary to look for new approaches to planning and implementing of new military organization principals. The article covers the characteristics of the integrated system of comprehensive targeted planning of Russian military organization development.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-132-140

Pages: 132-140

Alexander Khramchikhin

Parallel Army as the Catalyst of the Military Reform

The author moves and substantiates the thesis that the Russian army in its current form cannot be reformed. It was created for another state and another social system. In his opinion, the only way out is to create the new, parallel army.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-141-143

Pages: 141-143

Modernization of the Armed Forces Through the Prism of Foreign Experience

Nickolay Balakhontsev, Sergey Pechurov

Tendencies in the Development of Foreign Armed Forces

The article analyzes the tendencies in the changes, which take place in the foreign armed forces, and gives the forecast for the nearest future. The authors evaluate the programs of creating the weapons, the plans of military organization development and the newest approaches to the systems of safeguarding the national security. The research focuses on the armed forces of the United States of America, Israel, India, Pakistan, Iran, Taiwan and some other countries.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-144-153

Pages: 144-153

Christoph Bertram

Wiezsacker Commission on the Bundeswer Reform

The article gives the proposals on reforming the Bundeswer, which were developed by the authoritative commission headed by the former German president Richard von Weizsacker. In spite of the fact that the military reform is eventually based on the Military of Defense guidelines C.Bertram is convinced that the commission’s developments will demanded in future.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-154-157

Pages: 154-157

Military and Nonmilitary Spheres: Dynamics of Relationships

Alexei Levinson

Changes in the Attitude of the Army to the Military Service (After VCIOM Materials)

The paper sums up and interprets the surveys of the All-Russian Center for Public Opinion Research concerning the army and its problems conducted in the period between 1992 and 2000. The opinions on the combatant value of the Russian armed forces, on the specifics of their contribution to the process of the socialization of the male population, on the transfer to the professional army etc are given. The author comments on the difference in the opinions of the representatives of different demographic and age groups, the capital residents and people from the provinces, people of different political views.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-158-170

Pages: 158-170

Yury Korgunyuk

Problems of the Armed Forces in the Programs and Practical Activity of Russian Political Organisations

The review considers the relationships of political parties and movements of modem Russia to the problems of army and military reform. In this respect, the author analyzes both the appropriate sections in the program documents political organizations and their activity in this direction. It is asserted that the practical implementation of the party programs considerably lags behind their theoretical development. In particular, the author thinks that the hope to solve the problems of the armed forces by a substantial increase of military spending is illusionary. It is much more important where specifically the allocated means go, which supposes setting up the thorough control over the military spending.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-171-196

Pages: 171-196

Françoise Daucé

Influence of the Military Service on the Political Socialization of Russian Conscripts

The author analyzes the process of the political socialization in Russia, which is considered at the example of the army. Besides, the previous prearmy stages of the socialization are taken into account. F. Dauce focuses on social characteristics of conscripts and draft-dodgers. The soldiers’ electoral behavior and the way it is impacted by the political views of both the RF Ministry of Defense and the commanders in the military units.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-197-206

Pages: 197-206

Igor Andrushkevich

Military Education of the Russian Youth

The author believes that no organized society can get along without the change of the cadres fulfilling important from the point of view of the state functions. Here a special place belongs to educating of military youth. In this matter Russian can and should rely on the reach pedagogical experience in patriotic upbringing gained throughout its history. The article covers a wide historical retrospective of the correct and comprehensive upbringing, its principles and postulates are analyzed. l.Andruskiewitsch touches upon the Russian traditions in this area kept in the emigration environment. He also turns to the traditions of the antiquity, France, etc. He is against any political involvement into the educational process. Education at Russian military schools should be based on the Russian statehood.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-207-222

Pages: 207-222

Vladimir Legoyda

A Few Words about the Chirch, the Army and the Antinomies of the Orthodox Culture

The author touches upon the problems related to the moral psychological basis of the armed forces of modem Russia. In this respect he turns to different interpretations of the war and peace in the Orthodoxy, to understanding the cultural basics of the national military tradition. A big attention is paid to the links of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian army in the historical retrospective.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2001-20-2-223-234

Pages: 223-234