Abstracts № 2, 2002

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Global perspective

Alexander Galkin

Steps of globalization and the crisis of globalism

The author dwells on the difference between globalization and globalism. He considers globalization to be an objective phenomenon. Besides, in his opinion modern globalization is one of the forms conditioned by the relation of global social forces, which is currently dominated by radical liberal views.

According to A. Galkin globalizm is a version of the awareness of the modern stage of globalization, its unique system of values and in some respect ideology. The formation of globalism was strongly influenced by powerful political and social forces interested in the establishment of its system of values. These forces have either won as a result of globalization or count to win. The author is critical about associating globalization with westernization, about imposing western forms of the organization of social life on other civilizations. He believes that it is more and more necessary to look for the alternative versions of globalization.

Alexander Weber

Neo-liberal globalization and its opponents

The article covers the dynamics and the forms of the opposition to neo-liberal globalization. The author believes that the opposition is as objective phenomenon as the globalization itself. He researches the process of grass-roots globalism both as another capacity of globalization and as a response to current globalization from the top. The current movement of protest is represented both by the forces challenging the globalization as it is and the forces oriented at the search of the alternative models of globalization. In particular, the article touches upon the delimitation lines between the left-wing radical and the right-wing-radical anti-globalist movements.

According to the author, the necessity of the new social contract between the society and the power, which would also cover the problems related to globalization, is evident.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-22-36

Pages: 22-36

Viktor Kuvaldin

Globalization, national state and the new world order

The article dwells on the thesis that globalization is sort of a negation of a national state, which is endangered in the realm of global norms, values, structures and institutions. The author shows that the real situation is much more complicated and controversial. Thus, there are many examples when it is not only possible to get adjusted to the new conditions but the globalization is adjusted to one’s interests. At the same time, it is evident that under globalization the national state ceases to act as a single subject integrating monopolistically the interest of big communities and representing them at the international arena.

While reviewing the relations between the state and the new world order (V. Kuvaldin calls it a mega society) the author describes the essence of the latter. In his opinion during the two decades the mega society, which is a rather chaotic set of global links, norms, attitudes, values, behavior patterns, modes, systems and institutions, will start to be shaped. Currently, the formula of “asymmetric dependence” may act as the most striking definition of globalization.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-37-51

Pages: 37-51

Religion and politics

Olga Velichko

Problems of globalization and the Catholic thought

The author researches the attitude of representatives of the Catholic Church to the problems caused by globalization. The social problems of national and global dimension attract the biggest attention. In this respect, it is considered necessary to render more efficient support to the Third World countries.

In general, within the Catholic Church, globalization is characterized as natural historical process, which, nevertheless, will have to be put into the correct channel.

The author admits the similarity of certain economic ideas and political recommendations of Catholic specialists with their non-Catholic colleagues’ conclusions. At the same time he points out to the specifics of purely Catholic interpretations of globalization. There he emphasizes the fundamental values and ethic principles, which, according to Catholic specialists, should be the only measure for the specific solutions of the problems.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-52-61

Pages: 52-61

Foreign policy prospects

Andrei Zubov

Geopolitical vision of the world and the new Russian self-identity

This analytical article is based on the surveys of the Public Opinion Fund regarding different countries. The author researches a wide scope of issues in a very detailed way.

The starting point of the research is the data on the knowledge of the Russian people about the outer world. According to A.Zubov, this knowledge is high enough to take seriously the assessment of foreign states level of friendliness to their country. The author follows the dynamics of the change of the Russian citizens’ attitude to the USA after September the 11-th, to the Muslim world, to Israel and to the former allies in the East block.

The author mentions that the surveys reveal the depth of the people’s historical memory. In A. Zubov’s opinion, in general, the vector of the geopolitical preferences of the population is definitely pointed to the West. However, one can feel the realistic approach in the search for optimum allies in other parts of the world as well, for example, among Asian countries.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-62-83

Pages: 62-83

Heinz Timmermann

Strategic partnership. What the European Union is to do in order to establish more tight links with Russia?

According to the author, widening of the partnership between the European Union and Russia must be based on pragmatic ways. In this respect, one should not indulge into illusions about too speedy integration, on the one hand, and to be ready to inevitable recoils, on the other hand. The author reviews the mutual interest of Russia and the EU in the cooperation. He thinks that the EU policy towards Russia is multidimensional, which is sufficiently different from the U.S. approach.

The author sees the pledge of the acceleration of the rapprochement between the EU and Russia in their common understanding of the basic values and principles of democracy, the compatibility of economic systems and foreign policy reference points. In this context the problems of Kaliningrad region and the problems of Belorussia related to Russia by union relations are touched upon.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-84-96

Pages: 84-96


Alexander Filippov

Political sociology. Fundamental problems and main concepts. (part 2)

This thorough article counted for two issues reviews the subject matter of political sociology and its place in the context of general sociology. The author outlines the field of research and breaks it down into main categories (power, legitimacy, charisma, and conflict.) In the tissue of his presentation A. Philippov gives an excursus to the history of political thought. Critically analyzing the common ideas of political sociology he reasons about the pros and the contras of understanding it as one of the branches of sociology.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-97-117

Pages: 97-117

Books review

Boris Slavin

Social democratic parities facing the challenge of globalism. (Renovation and stability in modern society. Edited by A.A. Galkin, Moscow, 2000. European social democracy: problems and searches. Edited by A.A. Galkin, Moscow, 2001)

The review deals with the two books by the same team of authors headed by Professor Galkin. Both of them cover the research of the left wing forces response to the global changes in the world. In both of them an attempt is made to answer the question what is to be done to avoid social discontent often accompanying these changes.

The author highly appreciates the research of the national peculiarity of current processes as well as the generalization of the Western thought judgements on this issue. He also shares the opinion that the evolution of current social democracy in the course of its response to cardinal changes in the world is fraught with the danger to lose its identity.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-118-122

Pages: 118-122

Susanna Pshizova

Global factors and current political processes in Russia and all over the world (Political institutions at the threshold of milleniums. Edited by K.G. Kholodkovskiy, Dubna, 2001)

The reviewer defines the book as a highly professional and in many ways innovatory research. Formally, the book consists of theoretical, international and Russian sections. However, the Russian problems run like a common thread through all the collection of works. According to S.Pshizova the book is a comparative research focusing on the comparison of modern political processes in Russia and developed countries of the West (and Japan too.)

The review covers the consistent analysis of the articles of this publication with an emphasis on the work by G.Diligenskiy “Democracy on the threshold of milleniums”. In essence, this article starts the discussion of the main problem of the book, the problem of the promotion of the modern forms of democracy to other sociocultural regions.

The reviewer notes that the authors of the collective work are far from being united in their approaches and views, which, in her opinion, is a definite merit today when the perceptions of the world should also seriously change.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-123-137

Pages: 123-137


Russian experts

Russian experts on the future of Russia

In the three forecast presentations, which were prepared by the initiative of the European Business Club in the Russian Federation, attention is focused on the three key aspects of the future of the country. Besides, such factors as the main parameters of the USA and Europe development and their real international weight in 10 years, the capacity of Russia to strengthen its statehood, and the economic strategy implemented by the country were taken into consideration.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-138-172

Pages: 138-172


Yury Korgunyuk

Political parties in Russia in spring 2002

The review traditional for “Politeia” covers the chronicle of the main events in the life of political parties and movements in spring 2002. As usual, such chronicle is accompanied by the analysis of the arrangement of Russian political forces. Youri Korgounyuk comments on the redistribution of the State Duma committees and analyzes the inner party processes at the right wing and the left wing of the political spectrum, and especially among the centrists. In his opinion, the spring of 2002 may be without any exaggeration called the golden age of the newest Russian centrism.

DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2002-25-2-173-199

Pages: 173-199

From the edotorial office

Igor Bunin, Alexander Galkin, German Diligenskiy, Alexei Salmin, Kirill Kholodkovsky

In the memory of German Germanovich Diligenskiy. German Diligenskiy: the last interview. G.G. Diligenskiy. Short autobiography. Works by G.G. Diligenskiy (short autobiography).

The special section of the magazine is dedicated to the memory of German Diligenskiy. It reads about Diligenskiy as a scientist and as a person. The scientist’s short autobiography and the list of his most significant works are given. And, finally, the last interview with Diligenskiy is published. In the interview he, in particular, shares his ideas about Russian political science.